Home > Business Insurance > Property Insurance > Plant And Machinery > Navigating Public Roads Safely: Best Practices for Plant Machinery

Navigating Public Roads Safely: Best Practices for Plant Machinery

By Dean Laming on July 21st, 2023

Road safety is a critical concern for all road users, but it becomes even more significant when we consider the operation of plant machinery on public roads. These large and often cumbersome vehicles can pose a significant risk if not handled correctly. Accidents involving plant machinery can lead to severe injuries, costly damages, and even fatalities. Therefore, understanding and adhering to road safety principles is not just a legal obligation but a moral one as well.

Overview of Plant Machinery in Construction

Plant machinery, also known as heavy equipment or construction vehicles, refers to heavy-duty vehicles designed for executing construction tasks, most often ones involving earthwork operations or heavy lifting applications. These machines are essential in the construction industry as they significantly reduce the time and workforce required to complete construction tasks. Examples of plant machinery include bulldozers, excavators, forklifts, and cranes.

Best Practices for Safe Navigation

Defensive Driving: A Key to Safety

Defensive driving is a driving technique that allows you to identify potential hazards before they become dangerous. It involves always being aware of your surroundings, anticipating possible dangers, and being prepared to react if necessary. For operators of plant machinery, defensive driving might involve maintaining a safe distance from other vehicles, using mirrors effectively to monitor surrounding traffic, and always being prepared to stop or manoeuvre the machinery safely.

The Role of Regular Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance

Regular inspection and maintenance of plant machinery play a crucial role in ensuring road safety. This process involves checking the machinery’s mechanical components, ensuring the lights and signals are working correctly, and verifying that safety features such as mirrors and seat belts are in good condition. Regular maintenance can help identify potential issues before they become significant problems, reducing the risk of breakdowns or accidents on the road.

Awareness of Blind Spots: An Essential for Heavy Machinery Handling

Operating heavy machinery comes with a unique set of challenges, one of which is dealing with blind spots. These are areas around the machinery that the operator cannot see directly. Due to their size and shape, plant machinery often has large blind spots that can pose a significant risk. Operators must be aware of these blind spots and use additional mirrors, cameras, or even spotters to help monitor these areas. Awareness and proper management of blind spots are essential for safe navigation on public roads.

Addressing Safety Hazards in Construction

Top Safety Hazards in Construction

The construction industry is fraught with potential hazards, many of which involve the use of plant machinery. Some of the top safety hazards include:

• Falls from Height: This can occur when operating machinery at height without proper safety measures in place.

• Being Struck by Moving Plant Machinery: This can happen if machinery is operated recklessly or if other workers are not aware of the machinery’s movement.

• Being Caught Between or Inside Machinery: This can occur if machinery is not properly maintained or if safety protocols are not followed.

• Overturning of Machinery: This can happen if the machinery is used on unstable ground or is loaded improperly.

Mitigating Risks with Proper Training and Equipment Maintenance

Proper training and regular equipment maintenance are key to mitigating these risks. Operators should be trained not only on how to use the machinery but also on safety protocols and how to respond in an emergency. Regular equipment maintenance can help identify and fix potential issues before they lead to accidents.

Special Focus on Mobile Plant Safety

Segregating Vehicles from Pedestrians: A Crucial Safety Measure

A fundamental safety consideration when manoeuvring plant machinery involves its operation on public roads. This can be accomplished through the implementation of specific safety measures, such as clear signage, delineated lanes, and physical barriers where possible. These measures aim to minimise the risk of incidents between pedestrians and moving machinery. Although this might present more challenges on public roads compared to private sites, it is crucial to preventing accidents. On construction sites, for instance, designated pathways can be established to ensure workers are kept clear of heavy machinery. However, when driving plant machinery on public roads, extra caution must be exercised to ensure the safety of all road users.

Ensuring Competent Operation of Mobile Plant Machinery

Ensuring that only competent individuals operate mobile plant machinery is another crucial safety measure. Operators should be adequately trained and should understand the machinery’s operation, the potential risks, and the necessary safety measures.


Understanding road safety, appreciating plant machinery’s unique challenges, and following best practises are essential for safe plant machinery operation on public roads. Defensive driving, vehicle inspections, maintenance, and blind spot awareness are examples. Training staff and maintaining equipment are two ways to address safety hazards in construction.

Plant machinery handling safety doesn’t end there. It requires ongoing training, equipment maintenance, and a company-wide safety culture. Companies can improve efficiency, reputation, and employee safety by prioritising safety.

However, insurance is crucial here. Construction risk management requires plant and machinery insurance. It protects businesses from unforeseen events that could cause major financial losses. Thus, financial stability and business continuity in the face of potential setbacks are as important as road and construction site safety.

Brisco Business Insurance assists you in comparing business insurance quotes for your company’s protection. Safety is everyone’s responsibility. Everyone—operators, construction workers, and pedestrians—has a role in road and workplace safety. Safe is better than sorry, as they say.

Dean Laming

Dean is a Chartered Insurance Broker with more than 25 years insurance experience. Through various underwriting, operational and management roles, Dean has built up extensive knowledge of how to run a business and is now Managing Director of Brisco Business, part of the wider Henry Seymour Group.

All articles by Dean Laming

Protect Your Business Today!

Find comprehensive business insurance at the right price. Quickly and easily compare quotes from leading insurers and choose the perfect policy for you.

Compare Quotes

Our Reviews